What are anal warts?

Small lesions called anal warts can develop within and around the anus. Another name for the disease is condyloma acuminata. Genital warts come in the shape of anal warts.

The warts typically don’t hurt or create irritation:

They might hurt or ooze,  Anal warts treatment though, and if they get big enough, they can be uncomfortable. People with anal tumours might not even be aware of them if no signs appear.

Anal warts may only appear in one location or they may gradually expand to other areas of the genitalia and anus.

What are the symptoms of anal warts?

Anal tumours are present both inside and outside the anus. They appear as tiny bumps that may be no bigger than the tip of a pin. They might be too tiny at first to be observed. As they expand or when a group of them are gathered together, they can take on a cauliflower-like look. Warts can be apricot, yellow, pink, or light brown in colour and may appear to be the same colour as your epidermis.

Anal tumours frequently develop painlessly:

Itching, bleeding, or anus secretion are uncommon but possible additional signs of anal tumours. Anal tumours can give the impression that there is a mass in the anal region.

You could have anal warts and warts on other areas of your body at the same moment. Women may develop genital warts on their vulva, vagina, or cervix. Men may acquire genital warts on their legs, testicles, penis, or groyne.

Anyone with HPV may develop warts on their lips or pharynx:

Infection can also result from having oral intercourse with someone who has genital warts or from giving someone who has throat warts a thorough smooch.

What causes anal warts?

Human papillomavirus is the culprit behind genital warts, including anal warts (HPV). A sexually spread disease is HPV (STI). HPV may spontaneously disappear in young individuals and may not manifest any symptoms.

The infection can, however, continue to exist in the body and result in vaginal warts:

Genital warts are caused by some types of HPV, while cancer may be caused by others. However, anal and vaginal warts are typically not caused by the type of HPV that causes cancer.

In general, HPV is transmitted from one person to another through close physical touch with the lips, anus, penis, or vagina of an HPV-positive individual. The virus does not have to be transmitted through sexual activity. Skin-to-skin touch can spread it.

HPV transmission can happen even if:

The most typical methods of penile wart transmission, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source, are anal and vaginal intercourse. Nearly all sexually active men and women, according to the CDC, contract HPV at some time in their lives.

How are anal warts diagnosed?

Anal tumours can be identified visually by a specialist. During the inspection, some physicians apply acetic acid (vinegar) to the bumps. The bumps become more noticeable and change whitish as a result. For the diagnosis of anal tumours, this is not required.

An interior inspection using a device called an anoscope to search for warts inside the anal canal is part of a test for anal warts. To check for additional types of vaginal warts, your doctor might perform a thorough examination of your pubic area. This might involve a Pap test for females.

A sample of the tumours can also be used to make the diagnosis. If the warts don’t react to early therapy, this could be used to corroborate a diagnosis.

How are anal warts treated?

The quantity and position of the warts, patient opinion, and practitioner expertise all play a role in the therapy decision.

Topical medications:

Warts that are very tiny and restricted to the anus’ exterior region may only require topical treatment. A prescribed drug for anal tumours must be used in this situation. Wart removal products sold over the counter should not be applied to the vaginal or anal regions. Make careful not to apply them to anal lesions.

A doctor may administer some medicines for the treatment of anal warts in their clinic. Others are things you can work on at home. Regimes frequently last for a few weeks or longer.

Creams for the skin include:

imiquimod (Aldara, Zyclara) (Aldara, Zyclara)
podofilox (Condylox) (Condylox)
podophyllin (Podocon) (Podocon)
Bichloroacetic acid (BAC), trichloroacetic acid (TCA), and (BCA)

Other treatment options:

Depending on the size and position of the anal tumours, additional treatments might be used. These remedies consist of:

Cryotherapy. In this process, the tumours are frozen using liquid nitrogen. Warts become detached after chilling.
Electrocautery. In this process, physicians burn the warts off with an electric current.
Laser procedures. An strong light’s energy is used in laser treatment. Only challenging cases usually employ this strategy.
The therapy may be administered in phases if the warts are severe. In some circumstances, surgery might be required.

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